What is the Capital of Thailand? If you answered Los Angeles, you were not far off. The largest City in Thailand is known to Westerners as Bangkok, but to Thais, the city is known as Krung Thep, which translates into the “City of Angels”, the same name as the city in Southern California. Bangkok is the only major city in the world that is known to foreigners by one name and known to locals with a completely different name.
Actually, Krung Thep is the short name for the Capital City. It’s full name is much longer, in fact it is the longest city name in the world. The full name of the City is KRUNGTHEP MAHANAKHON BOVORN RATANAKOSIN MAHINTHARAYUTTHAYA MAHADILOKPOP
NOPARATRATCHATHANI BURIROM UDOMRATCHANIVETMAHASATHAN AMORNPIMAN AVATARNS ATHIT
กรุงเทพมหานครอมรรัตนโกสินทร์มหินทรายุธยามหาดิลกภพน พรัตน์ราชธานีบุรรมย์อุดมราชนิเวศมหาสถานอมรพิมานอวต ารสถิตสักกะทัตติยวิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์
This full name for the City translates to: “The land of angels, the great city (of)
immortality, various of divine gems, the great angelic land unconquerable,
land of nine noble gems, the royal city, the pleasant capital, place of the grand
royal palace, forever land of angels and reincarnated spirits, predestined and created
by the highest Deva(s).”
All Thai kids are obligated to memorize the full name for the Capital City early in their schooling.
The name Bangkok is in fact Thai, meaning ‘Village of Olives’ บางกอก. In the past, before the name was changed to Krungthep , Bangkok referred to the eastern side of the Chao Phraya River and Thonburi on the west. Foreigners didn’t like the word Krungthep and stuck to saying Bangkok.
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